Virtual Working

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This project has been funded with the support of the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Leonardo da Vinci Turkish National Agency European Commission Education and Culture DG LLP Leonardo da Vinci
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Virtual Working


Due to booming technology and IT phenomena, distant learning and e-employment (home based employment) are growing in an exponential manner. To be able to find an occupation chance in this field, one has to attain to an optimum production rate, which is combination of time and cost where the parameter is being the level of depth of the output detail. Considering the current globalisation and market conditions and resulting competition in almost all different fields of service sectors, all home based employment opportunities are based on personal time, knowledge and effort.


Another most important criterion of these fields is that the worker is not necessarily to be moved to job site or employee’s premises, therefore so called as “home based employment”.

However, even disabled people with mobility limitation are the most suitable part of the population which conforms to this new trend from the most aspects while forming more than 10% of European population, there is not a real efficient development targeting this group in this new field of employment. On top of these facts, employers are both encouraged and forced by regulations to employ disabled people.

According to research article written by Didier Dupré and Antti Karjalainen, “Employment of Disabled People In Europe in 2002” which was published in Eurostat of European Commission in November 2003 (, 43.7% of non-working persons with disabilities and facing work restrictions consider that they would need some form of assistance to work. Therefore, a professional mentoring has implicitly declared to be necessary for almost 50% of disabled population.

Moreover, the results of this research were stressed in the ‘Opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee’ dated 30.04.2004 and No. 2004/C 110/08 (, and in the Articles of 2.4, 2.5 and 3.4 it is stated that the projects promoting and supporting the employability of disabled people are encouraged by the EESC. The Article 12/iii of Council Resolution 175/01of 15 July 2003 on promoting the employment and social integration of people with disabilities – (, also encourages efforts improving integration and participation at all levels of training systems for increasing the employability of disabled.